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MIASU Seminar: Hurelbaatar Ujeed

When Nov 14, 2017
from 04:30 PM to 06:00 PM
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Hurelbaatar Ujeed (Inner Mongolia Normal University)

Merging Peoples: Shifting Economy, Transforming Environment and Surviving Culture in a Typical Horchin Village

 

The Horchin Region of Inner Mongolia has long seen waves of immigration and cultural integration. The Horchin Mongols, ruled by the descendants of Chinggis Khan’s younger brother Hasar, had originally lived in the vast territory of Hulun Buir and southern Baikal region. Around the mid-16th century, they moved to the current Horchin region. Since then, the Horchin nobility had ruled the peoples of the region throughout the Qing period, the early Chinese Republic and Japanese occupation until the first half of the 20th century when it came under the jurisdiction of the People Republic of China until present day.

During these periods, various peoples were merged into the Horchin Mongols. Now the Mongolian population in the Horchin region is up to 2.1 million which occupies 43.5% of the total population of the region. The region provides a perfect case study of how cultural identities interact, merge and evolve at a time where cultural integration is evermore important, not only in China but the world as a whole.

This paper documents the process of formation and expansion of a typical Horchin Mongolian village from the 18th century to the present day. It aims to focus on three major themes. First, the merging of Chinese immigrants and Mongolian internal immigrants into Horchin Mongols; second, the changing of economy and transforming of environment in the region as a result of this and finaly, the how Horchin Mongolian culture itself has endured and evolved throughout the period.

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